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Alan Turing broke the enigma code in World War Two, and devised machines that became programmable computers.
Turing's homosexuality resulted in a criminal prosecution in 1952, when homosexual acts were still illegal in the United Kingdom.
He lost his security clearance, and accepted treatment with female hormones (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison. He commited suicide in 1954, just over two weeks before his 42nd birthday, from cyanide poisoning.
Visit Manchester University's official Alan Turing page, and sign up for their newsletter.
June 23, 2012, is the Centenary of Alan Turing's birth in London. During his relatively brief life, Turing made a unique impact on the history of computing, computer science, artificial intelligence, developmental biology, and the mathematical theory of computability.
2012 will be a celebration of Turing's life and scientific impact, with a number of major events taking place throughout the year. Most of these will be linked to places with special significance in Turing's life, such as Cambridge, Manchester and Bletchley Park.
Alan Turing Gay Page
Pet Shop Boys discuss Alan Turing Proms premier Pet Shop Boys Neil Tennant and Chris Lowe discuss their BBC late-night Prom which includes the world premiere of A Man From the Future, about Enigma codebreaker Alan Turing bbc.co.uk 1 Jul 14
Pink Punters unveils Alan Turing Mosaic
A piece of public art celebrating codebreaker Alan Turing as a gay man has been unveiled outside the Buckinghamshire nightclub. Yorkshire artists Al Budd and Rita Gav created the "colourful relief work" which features both Turing's face and the gay pride rainbow bbc.co.uk 24 Jun 14
What was Alan Turing really like?
It's 60 years since Alan Turing killed himself. Sisters Barbara Maher and Maria Summerscale can recall him as a family friend bbc.co.uk8 Jun 14
The Imitation Game starring Benedict Cumberbatch gets a UK release date
The biopic of gay computer scientist and Enigma codebreaker Alan Turing will begin showing in UK cinemas on 14 November 2014 radiotimes.com7 Jun 14
Pet Shop Boys premiere Alan Turing work at BBC Proms
An orchestral work by the Pet Shop Boys about the life of wartime codebreaker Alan Turing is to have its world premiere at this year's BBC Proms bbc.co.uk 25 Apr 14
Alan Turing Institute to be set up
to research big data, the chancellor has announced in his Budget speech. The government will provide £45m over five years for the project to focus on new ways of collecting, organising and analysing large sets of data bbc.co.uk 20 Mar 14
Alan Turing Institute recognises gay code breaker as 'true British hero'
Turing's posthumous honour of a £42million institute in his name is being hailed by William Jones, who started the original petition to see Turing royally pardoned mancunianmatters.co.uk 27 Mar 14
Alan Turing and the medical abuse of gay men
in LGBT History Month Peter Tatchell examines the hidden homophobic shame of the NHS petertatchellfoundation.org 18 Feb 14
Petition to change August Bank Holiday to Alan Turing Day
After the appalling injustice done to him due to his sexuality it is time to honour him and reward him for his contribution to the United Kingdom Sign Petition 26 Jan 14
Alan Turing's pardon is simply not enough
The Pardon should never be a 'tribute' to a wartime hero; it should be recognition of a wrong – a wrong perpetrated by the state cam.ac.uk7 Jan 14
Benedict Cumberbatch as Alan Turing
A still from The Imitation Game which is currently in post-production thewrap.com 28 Dec 13
Was Alan Turing murdered by the security services? Peter Tatchell has written to the Prime Minister urging a new inquiry into the death of the scientist Alan Turing, who has just been granted a royal pardon for his 1952 conviction for homosexual relations petertatchellfoundation.org26 Dec 13
Royal pardon for codebreaker Alan Turing
It overturns his 1952 conviction for homosexuality for which he was punished by being chemically castrated bbc.co.uk 24 Dec 13
The Alan Turing Story
now available on DVD - "a powerful, moving and truthful account of Turing's life, his work and his achievements" Buy DVD 13 Nov 13
The Alan Turing (Statutory Pardon) Bill clears the Lords
and will now be considered by the Commons. "The view the Government took in the Lords is one I would expect us to reflect in this House too," said Commons Leader Andrew Lansley telegraph.co.uk 1 Nov 13
Alan Turing: The gay man who saved the world At the Attitude Awards a posthumous Icon Award for Outstanding Achievement was accepted by two of his nieces, and was presented by the Speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow theguardian.com 15 Oct 13
Attitude Awards acceptance speech
by Alan's niece, Janet Ferrier Robinson youtube.com 25 Oct 13
First look at Benedict Cumberbatch on The Imitation Game set, a dramatic portrayal of the life and work of one of Britain's most extraordinary gay heroes, Alan Turing comingsoon.net 19 Sep 13
Pet Shop Boys' text to David Cameron:
"Sorry to bug you, but could you pardon Alan Turing?" newstatesman.com 30 Sep 13
Momentum continues growing with worldwide cinema showings, and soon available to own on DVD Buy DVD 22 Aug 13
Alan Turing graffiti pops up on walls across the UK
The freehand work features faces such as the godfather of coding Alan Turing, and contains as yet un-deciphered binary decimals campus-party.eu 18 Aug 13
writes of her anger at the decision of producers of the upcoming Alan Turing biopic to change aspects of the gay scientist's life and to reportedly include fictitious scenes in the movie script pinknews.co.uk 14 Aug 13
Manchester Pride Writers in Residence, present an afternoon of writing about LGBT science and technology, from Leonardo Da Vinci to Alan Turing, from the 'gay gene' to HIV therapy - Sat 3 Aug manchesterpride.com
Pardoning Turing is pointless - His achievements and his treatment should be in every school curriculum guardian.co.uk 22 Jul 13
Government will not oppose a parliamentary bill that would quash Turing's 1952 'gross indecency' conviction independent.co.uk 22 Jul 13
Parliament should act
to right the "historical injustice" which saw World War II codebreaker Alan Turing convicted of gross indecency, peers have been told bbc.co.uk 19 Jul 13
Alan Turing statue bedecked
for a festive 101st birthday with photo taken by Mark at Sackville Gardens, in Manchester's gay village leeds.ac.uk 24 Jun 13
New film script builds up Turing's heterosexual relationship 'more than it actually was', says his biographer leeds.ac.uk | dailymail.co.uk 24 Jun 13
two-dimensional artwork of computer pioneer Alan Turing has appeared on new path between St Mary's Terrace and Paddington Station londonist.com 16 May 13
Join the annual Alan Turing Birthday Walk from Manchester Museum - 11am, Sun 23 Jun newmanchesterwalks.com 16 May 13
The Universal Machine - BBC Radio 5 Live podcast visits a musical about the life of Alan Turing bbc.co.uk | podcast 16 May 13
"Memory Of The Future" was heard on 'Radio 2 In Concert', Wed 5 Dec 2012, BBC Philharmonic Studio, Salford, part of a piece Tennant and Lowe have been writing inspired by Alan Turing youtube.com 18 Dec 12
The Universal Machine
A new musical about the life and death of Alan Turing. New Diorama Theatre, London - Tue 16 Apr - Sat 11 May newdiorama.com 18 Dec 12
the British codebreaker, should be pardoned posthumously over his historic conviction for homosexuality, Prof Stephen Hawking and other leading scientists have said telegraph.co.uk 14 Dec 12
The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord McNally): Dr Turing's conviction, essentially for homosexual activity, was the result of an offence which we would now consider discriminatory and which has now been repealed. This was a shocking and inappropriate fate for someone who had contributed so much to science and to the defence of his country. However, it is long-standing Government policy that pardons under the Royal Prerogative of Mercy should be reserved for cases where it can be established that the convicted person was innocent of the relevant offence, and not to undo the effects of legislation which we now recognise as wrong. Lord Sharkey introduced a Private Member's Bill in the House of Lords on 25 July which would grant a statutory pardon to Dr Turing, and the Government will consider their response to this Bill in due course.
Written Answers in the House of Lords - Asked by Lord Grade of Yarmouth, Tuesday 11 December 2012
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they will reconsider their decision not to grant a posthumous pardon to Alan Turing.
The son of one of Alan Turing's closest friends has called for the codebreaking hero to be pardoned
Speaking at a signing of the new Alan Turing Monopoly game, William Newman, said: "I don't see why they can't pardon him, it's not a crime anymore. Who does it hurt? miltonkeynes.co.uk 6 Nov 12
Lego portraits of
and other LGBTQ icons from the Little Artists - 10% from every print sold in November to the Terence Higgins Trust littleartist.co.uk
Labour Shadow Justice Minister backs Campaign to pardon Alan Turing miltonkeynes.co.uk 2 Nov 12
Bank of England
adds Alan Turing to a list of suggestions of people who could be featured on banknotes, after he received 21,996 e-votes bankofengland.co.uk 26 Oct 12
UK LGBT History Month
pre-launch at Bletchley Park, focusing on Maths, Science and Engineering, and Alan Turing covered all 3 disciplines - Thu 15 Nov LGBT History Month 23 Oct 12
director of Codebreaker says Alan Turing's story needs to be told. The movie being premiered in the USA washingtonblade.com Oct 12
Graham Moore's screenplay about Alan Turing's story has been bought by Black Bear Pictures, after Warner Bros passes deadline.com 8 Oct 12
GCHQ Chief, Iain Lobban, said the unique people the country needed were often mavericks, and it was his job to set them to work in the world of secret intelligence, "not to tell them how to live their lives"
at treatment of Alan Turing - his death robbed the country of "one of our greatest minds"
National Portrait Gallery Photo mug of Alan Mathison Turing
- £10.21 amazon.co.uk 22 Jun 1
Bletchley Park Shop
"The first computer started here. Alan Turing Bletchley Park 1943"
- £7.99 bletchleypark.org.uk 22 Jun 12
New drama documentary about the heroic life, tragic death, and lasting legacy of Alan Turing. A shorter version of this film broadcast on Channel 4 in 2011, attracted 1.5 million viewers turingfilm.com 22 Jun 12
seeks art works for the Alan Turing Centenary at Bletchley Park, launching mid September facebook.com 28 May 12